My name is Antonio Lopez de Santa
Anna, I am the president and leader of the Mexican army, I am proud to fight
for Mexican independence. On February 23rd 1836, me and my troops arrived in
San Antonio, we began preparations at the Alamo for battle. Texan forces
retreated back into the Alamo. William Travis and his men had now assumed full
command at the Alamo. Travis was not the commander of the Texans until Jim
Bowie died earlier from sickness. We had many more men than the Texans but they
had control over the Alamo, so I knew I was going to lose many men when I
decided to attack the Alamo and it was going to be a very bloody battle to
Our first engagement in the Battle
of Alamo officially occured on February 25th. I ordered my troops to take control
of the outbuildings on the southwest corner of the compound. The Texan army
knew my intentions and burned down the buildings. Texan troops retreated and
word was they were going to come back with more reinforcements led by Fannin.
The next day the weather took a turn to the cold, temperatures were freezing
and the men could hardly take it. Fannin
had returned to the Alamo but not with any reinforcement troops in sight.
I ordered my troops to continue
siege preparations on February 27th, some of my troops were sent to nearby
ranches in search of additional provisions. The next day my men began an
extensive artillery attack on the Alamo.
By now my troops had completely circled the Alamo after days of fighting
and positioning, we were now ready to launch one last, large and extreme siege
to completely secure the Alamo and independence. There was a rumor going around
throughout my army that Fannin had a large reinforcement coming in, my troops
were worried about how many men were on the way because they were tired and
ready to get the battle completed. Little did me and my men know there was
civilians still in the Alamo so I sent orders throughout my army to free any
civilians they run into contact with.
On the first day of march about 30
more Texans came to help defend the Alamo, my men were relieved that the Texans
had not brung a larger amount of reinforcements. On March 2nd the next day, the
Texas government declared independence from Mexico, but we did not know this at
the time so everything was the same. Texans commander Travis was sent a letter
that they should hold off until help, that same day I received a reinforcement
of 1000 more Mexican troops ready to fight. I ordered my troops to move the
artillery in closer to the Alamo and continue fighting. My troops were now
informed that I was planning on sending one final attack to finish the job on
the Alamo. The Alamo fell on March 6th, the battle overall took about 90
minutes to complete, the bodies of all the men who defended the Alamo were
burned by me and my men, everyone else was spared including a slave.
On may 14th after most of the
warfare and intense fighting was over, I signed the Treaty of Velasco. It ended
all hostilities and my Mexican troops withdrew south of the Rio Grande River.
Independence had finally happened and it was well deserved for Mexico. The 13
day battle of Alamo was very important in the decision of independence, it was
a bloody battle but well thought out, my troops did an outstanding job of
following orders and capitalizing on key opportunities. The Texans held out
better than expected with the amount of troops they had secured in the Alamo,
we outnumbered them greatly and the amount of troops we lost during the attacks
made us look weak, but they had a very secure setup around the Alamo and made
it very hard to penetrate.
In conclusion this essay was in the
perspective of General Santa Anna which lead the Spanish army in the 13 day
battle of The Alamo. I tried to be creative instead of just laying out facts
about the battle and being boring. This battle was extremely important in the
separation of Texas and Mexico. The Alamo gave hope for the Texans in the war
with the famous saying “Remember the Alamo”.