Before couple of decades, life was easier where everything was
stable and the world was smaller. Accomplishments was made easier, people were
innovative to the point they were living in a very simple life. Life has been
developed not only in the human life circle and also with the economies.
a days living in the 21st century became hard to the human beings,
where it’s the century where the technology was born. Technology has become a
curse. Predicting the future has reached the point of impossible. Economies
around the world has reached to the point of instability, one second can make a
all the technology which has been born and developed through the past years
made the company’s take a neutral position in the market, the decision was made
to limit the risk of the environment the technology made. Competition became
higher every single second.
through the years has become aware of the situation of the market change, where
learning became necessary to survive the fast changed and the impact of the new
innovations and technologies.
learning organization became a concept where all the organizations adapted this
concept and using it as a tool where the organizations become more aware of the
market and economy changes. The tool was developed through years.
past century Kanjelious & Argris who were the first which raised the
concept of learning organization, in the other hand Senge believes the
transformation was undergone by thinking and the activities of the management this
transformation was built through the theories and factors numerous. Argrys and
Shawn made a doubt where very much affected the thinking and the management’s
Senge Book in the 1990 was written to destroy the illusion that the world is
created, where in his book he published the -Fifth disciplines- where he said ”
If we give up the this illusion, we can build a learning organization”, He recommended
that ” managers must learn to detect the seven organization Learning Disability
and use the Five discipline as the Antidote to them”.
Senge Defined the learning Organization ” is the company that facilitates the
learning of its members and continuously transforms itself “.
The five disciplines from Senge:
As per to Senge theory those disciplines
must be employed and managed in a never ending order to expand and maximize the
capacity of the organization to create the future. Where he also mentioned that
“Learning organization are those that are to move past mere survival learning
to engage in generative learning, the learning that enhances are capacity to create”
learning as change in the ability for responding to the demand of the task or
environmental pressure using different methods, as a result of more quickly
responds to same task, or as a result of other related interventions
experiences. Generally learning involves knowledge acquisition, knowledge
sharing, knowledge utilization and also new success.”(Gumusluoglu 2009)
Learning Organization was defined as “an
organization skilled at creating, acquiring, and transferring knowledge and at
modifying its behavior to reflect new knowledge and insights. Learning
organizations avoid stagnation through continuous self-examination and
According to several researchers the
defined the Learning organization As
Argyris and Donald Schön (1978)
:”the detection and correction of error”.
and Lyles (1985) : as the process of improving actions through better knowledge
learning occurs in an organization if through its processing of information,
the range of its organization’s potential behaviors is changed
(1993):A learning organization is a firm that purposefully constructs
structures and strategies so as to enhance and maximize organization learning .
“The concept of learning styles
has been raised numerous theories. One of the theories is Kolb’s theory of
experiential learning. Based on this theory, each learning situation in different
individuals can create four modes that these four modes set in two sides and
are on the two vectors. Modes of concrete experience (CE) versus abstract
conceptualization (AC) on vector of received and mode of Reflects Observation
(RO) versus active experimentation (AE) on vector of processor.”(Safavi et al.
Eysenck and Keane (1995),
believed and insisted that creativity is one of the most expressions of humans thinking
process. When the humans don’t have sufficient knowledge to solve their
problems, they can simply activate creativity. Wallas (1926) proposed a model
of four-stage to the creativity process, which includes:
Preparation: formulation the
problem is the step to understand it
Latent period: once the problem
known then workers can start doing other work
Clarification: when a solution
suddenly found to solve the problem
Overview: Once problem
solver will ensure that desired solution, is effective (Osterberg 2004).