In this article, we will be discussing the Artificial Intelligence(AI), how it can be helpful and also about some of its disadvantages.IntroductionArtificial Intelligence (AI) is the intelligence which can be as intelligent as human beings and perform intellectual tasks as we can do. In many science fiction movies, we have found machines becoming smart enough to do every single task a human being can, these things are practically implemented today. Nowadays most of the gadgets are based on AI, one of the recent and widely used AI is the Siri implemented in the new versions of iPhone. AI was being in action for a very long time but now we are getting an even more upgraded form of AI. AI helps industries to come up with some great ideas, the basic examples of AI are from playing chess games with the computer to an autopilot planes.History Of Artificial Intelligence (AI)The history of Artificial Intelligence (AI) began in ancient history, with myths, stories, and rumours of artificial beings endowed with intelligence or consciousness by master craftsmen; as Pamela McCorduck writes, AI began with “an ancient wish to forge the gods.” The field of AI research was founded at a workshop held on the campus of Dartmouth College during the summer of 1956. From that day AI started gaining attention and we are able to see such upgraded form of AI. The Transformation of AI1914 The Spanish engineer Leonardo Torres y Quevedo demonstrates the first chess-playing machine, capable of king and rook against king endgames without any human intervention.1925 Houdina Radio Control releases a radio-controlled driverless car, travelling the streets of New York City.1961 James Slagle develops SAINT(Symbolic Automatic INTegrator), a heuristic program that solved symbolic integration problems in freshman calculus.2009 Computer scientists at the Intelligent Information Laboratory at Northwestern University develop Stats Monkey, a program that writes sport news stories without human intervention.However, over the past 5-10 years, we’ve seen a significant resurgence in AI technologies with IBM’s Watson winning Jeopardy against its top two reigning champions, Google becoming the GO champion, robotics being used for high-precision surgeries and a transition into the third generation of AI – The Era of Deep Learning.Importance of AIOnce artificial intelligence has learned how to identify an apple in an image or transcribe a snippet of speech from an audio clip, it can be used in other pieces of software to make decisions that would have once required a human. It can be used to identify and tag your friends in Facebook photos, something you (a human) would have had to do manually. It can identify another car or a street sign in a self-driving car or your car’s backup camera. It can be used to locate a bad product that should be removed in agriculture production.Artificial Intelligence is important because it gives us the ability to create a never-ending thought process and collectively this could solve those problems which were difficult to solve before the existence of artificial intelligence. No matter how complex the problem is artificial intelligence provides every possible solution to that problem. Although now we are limited in numbers who can perform this with the artificial intelligence, we can build thousands of computers (AI) that could all work in unison to solve our greatest and most dire problems. One of the many examples is global warming.Artificial Intelligence is about making machines intelligent.The implications and benefits of understanding the brain are many. In addition to the advances in the treatment of brain injuries and diseases and advancements in communications technology and computer simulations, understanding the brain will allow the design of intelligent machines with even more significant impacts of the society. Already the machines that computer, perform voice or facial recognition, respond to human prompts, and sense and monitor human activity are routine in today’s society. The future capabilities of these machines like the limits and extremes of their “intelligence” and their ability to replicate the human thinking depend on the engineer’s insight into human intelligence and the workings of the human brain. One example of artificial intelligence is the computers that try to appear more human in what they can do.Intelligent systems (AI) plays an increasingly important role in engineering due to the fundamental changes in economic conditions and rapid development of AI technology.ApplicationGaming ? AI plays a crucial role in strategic games such as chess, poker, tic-tac-toe, etc., where the machine can think of a large number of possible positions based on heuristic knowledge.Natural Language Processing ? It is possible to interact with the computer that understands the natural language spoken by humans.Expert Systems ? There are some applications which integrate machine, software, and special information to impart reasoning and advising. They provide explanation and advice to the users.Vision Systems ? These systems understand, interpret, and comprehend visual input on the computer.Speech Recognition ? Some intelligent systems are capable of hearing and comprehending the language in terms of sentences and their meanings while human talks to it. It can handle different accents, slang words, noise in the background, change in human’s noise due to cold, etc.Handwriting Recognition ? The handwriting recognition software reads the text written on paper by a pen or on screen by a stylus. It can recognize the shapes of the letters and convert it into editable text.Intelligent Robots ? Robots are able to perform the tasks given by a human. They have sensors to detect physical data from the real world such as light, heat, temperature, movement, sound, bump, and pressure. They have efficient processors, multiple sensors and huge memory, to exhibit intelligence. In addition, they are capable of learning from their mistakes and they can adapt to the new environment.Disadvantages Of AIUNEMPLOYMENT — Replacement of people with AI technologies can lead to large-scale unemployment, which is an undesirable phenomenon. Artificial intelligence will make people lose their creative power and become lazy.HIGH COST — Creation of AI requires huge costs as they are complex machines. Plus, their maintenance and repair require lots of money too. They have software programs which need to be updated frequently to cater to the needs of the changing environment. The procedure to recover lost codes and reinstating the system might require huge time and cost.NO CREATIVITY — AI technology can help you create and design, but they can’t advise you as they don’t have the power of human brain. People are emotional and highly sensitive — they think, feel, hear and see and their thoughts are guided by the feelings which completely lacks in machines. People have the intuition that can’t be replaced.NO IMPROVEMENT IN EXPERIENCE — Unlike people, AI can’t be improved with experience, and with time it can lead to wear and tear. Technologies are not able to alter their responses to changing environments.THREAT TO SAFETY— The self-improving AI systems can become so mighty than humans that could be very difficult to stop from achieving their goals, which may lead to unintended consequences.This was all about the Artificial Intelligence if you feel like we have missed some points than notify us in the comment section.Stay Tuned for further interesting topics.