Anael pieces, from ceramics, sculptures, and glass works. Every

Anael Mamane

 

12/2/2017

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Introduction

 

When
the word “Gainesville” is said to people, it is typically thought of as just a
college town. Unless further studied, the art culture within Gainesville is not
appreciated until one seeks it on their own. UF does attempt to catalyze this
discovery by implementing certain visits and art pieces, such as the Good Life,
where you are required to visit the Samuel. P Harn museum. 

In
Gainesville and at UF, you can find people of every race. University of Florida
is ranked #590 in ethnic diversity nationwide with a
student body composition that is above the national average. 1 The
Multicultural and Diversity Affairs on campus emphasize and broaden this idea
to help connects the University of Florida with their diverse students. They
put on events, such as MLK and Gatorship, to properly enact the roots of the
students with the University and the students. The Samuel. P Harn Museum also
emphasizes diversity by its selection of non-western art and exhibits to study
from to properly embrace a certain culture. The Asian Collection is a great
example of the diversity within Gainesville. Although it is a vast region with
different cultures and ways of life, each sculpture and art piece had a
connection to one another in some way.

The Harn Museum of Art’s new Cofrin Asian Art Wing
provides an entry point to the University of Florida’s Cultural Plaza and the
art of the Eastern world. 2 The Samuel P Harn Museum’s Asian art collection spans
from the Neolithic period all the way to contemporary art.

It
has a very vast geographic distribution. The 26,000-square-foot wing includes
four main galleries, featuring more than 700 works of Chinese, Indian,
Japanese, Korean and other Asian art. It features a broad selection of art
pieces, from ceramics, sculptures, and glass works. Every art from a material
perspective is different and represents a different concept and time period.
2This is similar to Gainesville- although each person has a different culture
and story to tell, it is strung together at the very end of the day. In Asian
art, each region has developed and learned from one another and has allowed the
differences to build itself. This is similar to the UF/Gainesville culture.
This paper will analyze the influence of the three regions among each other in
terms of art and how they took the cultural differences to help better their
own region, with relation to the diversity among UF. The history and richness
of art within each region is vastly different but is still heavily influenced
by one another.

The
influence between Chinese, Indian, and Japanese art

Yellow
Ewer, Liao or Song Dynasty, 10th-11th Century

 

Asian art differs greatly from region to region. Chinese
art, Indian art, and Japanese art each has had a significant influence on
Western art.  Asian art show the culture
and history of the specific country, while still being heavily influenced by
each other. During 67 A.D., The Emperor Ming Ti received Kashyapamadanya from India and the relationship between
the two countries remained continuous During this era, there was a great amount
of Chinese scholars went to Bharata, and took back with them paintings and
statues. 4 In painting, India and China had a massive influence on each other.
From the Chin dynasty to the Tang dynasty there were interactions between the
two countries.There were several different monks and traders who traveled and
brought  Buddha statues, models of Hindu
temples, and other objects of art to China. Faxien, a Chinese Buddhist monk who had traveled to India, made drawings
of images while he was at Tamralipiti. Xuanzang came back with several golden figures of
the Buddha. 4 Wang Huan-ts’e, who went to India several times, took several
drawings of Buddhist images, including a copy of the Buddha image at Bodhgaya.
This image was then placed at the Imperial palace and served as a model of the
image in Ko-ngai-see temple. The most famous display of East Asian Buddhism,
the “Udayana” image, was documented to have been brought by Indians.
This combination resulted in Buddhist art.

           

4th-5th Century,Seated Buddha

Buddhism had reached Japan in the late 6th century A.D..
This led to a strong influence of China in Japanese art during the Nara period.
One of the most crucial additions to art during this period was the creation of
the Great Buddha. 7  The artistic
skills, knowledge, and techniques to construct statues from wood came from
China. Painting and sculpture was developed to display Buddhist concepts, and
that affected the Japanese art scene. Paintings from the late 7th and early 8th
centuries were executed in styles developed in China in the late period of the
six dynasties. 7The technique of creating statues called Kanishitsu was
introduced in Japan by Chinese during the Nara period. This technique was
highly used along with wooden and metal sculptures. 8 The Nara period also
brought changes in building architecture. Before the Nara period, Japan
primarily embraced Shinto architecture.The beginning of Buddhist architecture
resulted in construction of worshipping Buddha. This style reflected the
Chinese Tang style architecture.  These
buildings included the pagoda, the lecture hall, the main hall, the bell tower,
and the dining hall. The rise of Buddhism in Japan created more complex
architecture. 8

Stupa(960-1279), 11th-12th Century

A
stupa is a classic example of Buddhism throughout Japan. It is a hemispherical
structure containing relics that is used as a place of meditation. The shape of
the stupa is supposed to represent the Buddha. His crown is the top of the
spire, his head is the square of the base, and the base is his throne. 10

Chinese
art

 Chinese art has varied throughout its history,
divided into periods by the ruling dynasties of China and its changing
technology. Chinese art typically involves fine art, folk arts, and performance
art. In the very beginning, Chinese art dealt mostly with pottery and jade. The
bronze age then allowed the development to a more elaborate art. The Terracotta
Army, created during the Qin dynasty, consists of more than 7,000 life-size
tomb terracotta figures of warriors and horses buried with the first emperor of
Qin. During the Song Dynasty, poetry was marked by a poet known as Ci, which
expressed feelings of desire. This was also when paintings of more subtle
expressions of landscapes appeared. It was the transition to the art becoming
more spiritual than an emotional element. There is a massive reflection of
current politics and innovation within the Chinese art.  3

Chinese ceramics display a great development from ancient
times. The first type of pottery was made during the Paleolithic era. This then
developed into the scale of mass production. Pictured above is a Yellow ewer.
These are a classic example of the trade within the silk road.         

 

Indian
Art

In India, there is no established set of a way to paint.
Geography, climate, culture, and demographics all help to shape Indian art.
Painting in India is typically concerned with religious deities and kings and
was heavily influenced by Chinese painting. Painting in India contains that
time. For example, the Madhubani was practiced in the region of the Bihar state
during the time of Ramayana, when King Janak ordered artists to portray the
marriage of his daughter, Sita, with Sri Rama.

The goddess Parvati stands
on a lotus pedestal holding a blossom in her right hand, 15th-16th Century

Indian art, like Chinese art, is a major reflection of
the time period at which it was constructed. During the Indus Valley
Civilization, there was a large number of terracotta and stone figurines of
girls in dancing poses. 5 During the Maurya empire, stone monument sculpture
was introduced to India. Ashoka adopted Buddhism about halfway through his rule
and developed several large key sites from the life of the Buddha. This was
also the beginning of the Buddhist era and its art, and the influence of the
sites like Sanchia and Amaravati. 4, 5

The Gupta period is known as the integration of the
carved stone deity in Hindu art with the Buddha figure. The art during this period
reflects the peak of classical Hinduism. Paravati, pictured above, is the Hindu
goddess of fertility, divine strength, and power. This piece is a classic
representation of the Hinduism integration within art form.

Japanese
art

Meiji Period (1868-1912), late 19th Century

 

Japanese art, like Indian and Chinese, are a major
reflection of the happenings during each time period. Jomon art, named after
the Jomon people, were nomadic hunter-gatherers who made pottery for
storage.  Yayoi art, after the Yayoi
people, brought the creation of copper and bronze. The Asuka art era brought
Buddhist Japanese sculptures.  During the
Heian era, the creation of temples came about that were built in the mountains.  11

Pottery is one of the oldest Japanese craft forms.
Pictured above is one created during the Meiji period.

 

            Relationship
with UF

At UF, there are many different opportunities to learn
and embrace the different cultures that surrounds us. The multicultural affairs
on campus go out of their way to emphasize diversity so that we not only
acknowledge people within the diversity group, we inform everyone else
regarding the hardships and traditions within different cultures. For example,
there is this program called “Gatorship” that promotes the conservation of
diversity and struggle. We learn from the culture and struggles of other
people, and use that to enhance our own self. This is like the integration with
Japan, China, and India. They have very different cultures and different
traditions, but their interactions through history has influenced each other
tremendously. Within the commonality of Buddhism,travelers, and monks, each
used each other to improve their very own. This is very similar to the
diversity patterns of UF.

A more specific example of this pattern at the University
would be Asian Kaleidoscope month. It is a month long celebration of Asian and
Asian American culture. They hold free events that are focused on celebrating
the contributions of the Asian American community. Although Asia is vastly
different, we learn from them and allow them to improve our very own
selves.  Without the diversity in the
Asian culture, many things would not have been shared or brought about to other
regions that make them so unique to this day. 9

 

 

 

 

Citations

1Statistic on UF diversity. https://www.collegefactual.com/colleges/university-of-florida/student-life/diversity/

2 Harn Museum Asian Collection http://www.harn.ufl.edu/collections/asian

3 Ojibwa, Ancient China: The
Bronze Age. https://www.dailykos.com/stories/2011/12/18/1046604/-

4 M. K.
Agarwal. From Bharata to India: Volume 1: Chrysee the Golden.

https://books.google.com/books?id=ROePWIBgyv8C&pg=PA377&lpg=PA377&dq=Kashyapamadanya&source=bl&ots=BCOr0wNGkJ&sig=1m25KrX3m4PHjw9sCtViT4GPGFg&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjqiYzgte7XAhUF6WMKHQOvAogQ6AEIKzAA#v=onepage&q=Kashyapamadanya&f=false

 

5 Art in India: Painting,
Sculpture, Architecture http://www.visual-arts-cork.com/east-asian-art/india-painting-sculpture.htm

6 The Metropolitan Museum of Art.
Landscaping Painting in Chinese Art.https://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/clpg/hd_clpg.htm

7Japan: Historic Background.

http://char.txa.cornell.edu/nonwest/japan/japanhis.htm

8 The Influence Of Chinese Culture On Japanese Culture

http://www.char4u.com/content/the-influence-of-chinese-culture-on-japanese-culture/

9 Multicultural Student Affairs, https://multicultural.ufl.edu/programs/ummp/

10″Introduction
to stupas”. stupa.org. Retrieved
2009-04-18.

11 Japanese art. 
http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Japanese_art